By Yvette Balita, Joshua Poe Cadano, Dana Eunise Cruz and Arjay Ivan Gorospe
(Part three of three)
[Read the first part here: Party-list (Mis)Representatives]
[Read the second part here: Party-list groups: Family Enterprise]
While the Party-list System Act of 1995 aims to represent and enable marginalized and underrepresented sectors, multi-millionaires and billionaires remain to be the dominant members of the House of Representatives.
There have been instances where the party-list system had been used by the elite to further their business interests by taking advantage of national and local expenditures, as was the case in the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) scam.
From the 15th to the 17th Congress, Christopher Co of Ako Bicol (AKB) and Mariano Michael Velarde Jr. of Buhay party-list have consistently been part of the richest party-list representatives. The representatives have net worths of P104.4 million and P52.4 million respectively, according to their Statements of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth (SALN) in 2017.
Other rich lawmakers from the past decade are Virgilio Lacson of Manila Teachers, Milagros Aquino-Magsaysay of Senior Citizen, Jesulito Manalo of Angkla, Michael Romero of 1-PACMAN, and Emmeline Aglipay-Villar of Diwa.
Conflict of interest?
Co, owner of Hi-Tone Construction and Development, has been in the top 10 list of richest party-list representatives from 2010 up to present. He is also the brother of Elizaldy Co, the head of the transnational group Sunwest Group of Companies, Tektone Global Technologies Foundation, commercial hub Embarcadero de Legazpi, and other construction firms, malls and resorts.
His net worth from 16th to 17th Congress surged by P8,731,517, and P8,008,565 from 15th to the 16th. He was investigated, along with other district representatives in 2014, due to conflicting business interests in the projects of the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH).
The House committee on good government and accountability then investigated the release of at least P10.2 billion of the P69.7-billion congressional insertions spent in the last months of then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The DPWH expended the infrastructure funds to 1,074 projects despite having no revenues, Public Works Secretary Rogelio Singson said during the hearing, adding that it is against the General Appropriations Act.
In the probe of the House committee, it turned out that the company of Co was among the top 10 contractors involved. The late Rep. Rodel Batocabe, his party mate, questioned the House committee probe to defend him.
Due to Ako Bicol’s business interests, members of the Confederation for the Unity, Recognition, and Advancement of Government Employees (Courage), a member-organization of poll watchdog Kontra Daya, filed a disqualification case against the party-list group in 2010. In an ABS-CBN news report, Ako Bicol admitted being funded by the Delfin A. Co Foundation which shouldered the group’s development projects and scholarship programs.
The petitioners also traced that the employment provided to thousands of Bicolanos were from Co’s Tektone Foundation. “Both Elizaldy and Christopher are wealthy magnates in Bicol and the Philippines and they together, cannot represent the marginalized and underrepresented sectors,” the petition says. In addition, the family of Co has close links to Arroyo.
In the same year, the Commission on Elections (Comelec) dismissed the petition against Ako Bicol since it had to uphold the will of the electorate after the party-list group obtained the most number of votes. But in 2012, Comelec disqualified Ako Bicol for the 16th Congress. Then Comelec Chair Sixto Brillantes said that the group is a registered political party, not a marginalized people’s representative.
However, the Supreme Court released new parameters or guidelines for the party-list elections in 2013. It states that national parties or organizations and regional parties or organizations do not need to organize along sectoral lines and do not need to represent any marginalized and underrepresented sector. As a result, Comelec allowed Ako Bicol to run.
Mariano Michael Velarde Jr. is another lawmaker who joins Co in the top 10 list of multi-millionaire party-list representatives from 2010 to present. His father, Bro. Mike Velarde, is preacher and owner of Amvel Land Development Corporation.
In 2010, Kontra Daya asked Comelec to investigate 40 party-list groups which do not represent the marginalized and underrepresented sectors. Even if Velarde is one of those listed, he was still able to run under Buhay Party-list.
Other partylist representatives in the top 10 list of millionaires in congress include Michael Romero, Jesulito Manalo, Emmeline Aglipay-Villar, Virgilio Lacson, and Milagros Magsaysay. These candidates were all elected during the 16th congress and re-elected in the 17th congress.
Richest Party-list Representatives of the 17th Congress
|Name||Partylist||Networth||Business Association||Business-related bills forwarded|
|1) Michael Romero||1-PACMAN,||7,291,000,000.00||Globalport 900 Inc. GlobalPort Batang Pier (PBL team) 168 Ferrum Pacific Mining Position Harbour Center Port Terminal Inc. Mikro-Tech Capital Inc. Harbour Centre Port Holdings, Inc. R-II Holdings, Inc. MIC Holdings Corp. R-II Builders, Inc.||enactment of House Bill (HB) 159 seeking to strengthen the right of government to expropriate lands for socialized housing|
|2) Emmeline Aglipay-Villar||DIWA||1,407,459,436.00||Vista Land and Lifescapes||Authored HB 04805, also known as An act mandating the Department of Agriculture to promote urban agricultural development in the country’s metropolitan areas, to address food security, and providing funds therefor|
|3) Virgilio Lacson||Manila Teachers||791,690,847.37||Manila Teachers’ Savings and Loan Association||He authored several bills on banking and finance including HB 08453, An Act instituting reforms in real property valuation and assessment in the philippines, reorganizing the bureau of local government finance, and appropriating funds therefor|
|4) Jesulito Manalo||ANGKLA||118,639,794.00||He is one of the founders of Manalo and Perez Law Offices.|
|5) Christopher Co||AKO Bicol; 15th – 17th||104,440,082.50||CEO of Sunwest Group of Companies|
|6) Milagros Magsaysay||Senior Citizen||95,100,000.00||She is related to Ramon Magsaysay, the 7th President of the Philippines. She is also the grandmother of Miguel Corleon Magsaysay, a councilor in San Juan, La Union.|
|7) Enrico Pineda||1 PACMAN||85,5000,000.00||Manny Pacquiao’s business manager; team manager of Pacquiao’s PBA team Mahindra Enforcer.||He authored HB04054 which seeks to provide tax incentives to individuals and corporations giving donations, contributions, and grants to filipino athletes who have won medals in the summer olympic games|
|8) Michaelina Antonio||AGBIAG||80,350,815.22||Her husband was the Partylist’s former Representative|
|9) Aniceto Bertiz III||ACTS OFW, 17th Congress||54,265,000.00||Global Asia Alliance Consultant Inc.||He was involved in a heated discussion with Eman Villanueva, a leader of OFWs in Hong Kong, after the latter brought up Bertiz’ recruitment agency. He also authored HB 01302, an act establishing a special social security for migrant workers, which amends section 37-a of republic act no. 8042, on the compulsory insurance coverage by private insurers for agency hired workers.|
|10) Mariano Michael Velarde Jr.||BUHAY||52,387,126.78||Son of Bro. Mike Velarde, the owner of Amvel Land Development Corporation. The other nominees of their party-list include William Irwin Tieng, whose family controls Solar Sports.||A resolution directing the committee on revision of laws to index the fines under the revised penal code to adjust to present level of inflationary rates|
The Priority Development Assistance Fund scam, also called the PDAF scam or the pork barrel scam exposed large sums allegedly misused by several members of the Congress and Senate.
Based on the 2013 annual audit report of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos released and posted on the Commission on Audit website, the following partylist representatives released part of the PDAF and Disbursement Acceleration Program allocations to alleged bogus foundations and suppliers:
|Daryl Grace Abayon||Aangat Tayo||P 44.8 million|
|Salvador Cabaluna III||I-Care||P 37.5 million|
|Michael Angelo Rivera||I-Care||P 27.5 million|
|Mariano Piamonte||A-Teacher||P 20 million|
|Maximo Rodriguez||Abante Mindanao Inc.||P 15.5 million|
|Raymond Democrito Mendoza||TUCP||P 14 million|
|Abigail Ferriol||Kalinga||P 11.35 million|
|Angelo Palmones||Agham||P 10 million|
|Ranulfo Canonigo||Kakusa||P 10 million|
|Manuel Agyao||Kalinga||P 5.5 million|
|Sharon Garin||AAMBIS Owa||P 5 million|
|Mark Aeron Sambar||PL-PBA||P 5 million|
|Neil Benedict Montejo||An-Waray||P 5 millon|
|Homer Mercado||1-Utak||P 4.5 million|
|Isidro Lico||Ating Koop||P 3 million|
|Ponciano Payuyo||Apec||P 2 million|
Indeed, there is evidence to prove that the party-list system has been hijacked by the rich and powerful. The Party-list System Act of 1995 which is supposed to make the House of Representatives truly representative has made it cruelly repressive. #